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wiki bulk cargo liquefaction

wiki bulk cargo liquefaction

Cargo testing: IMSBC Code, Section 4, Regulation 4.1.4: “Bulk cargoes shall be classified… in accordance with the . UN Manual of Tests and Criteria, part III.” “The various properties of a solid bulk cargo… shall be determined… in accordance with the test procedures approved by a competent authority in the country of origin…”

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BULK CARGO LIQUEFACTION SAFER, SMARTER, GREENER. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Liquefaction is a phenomenon in which a soil-like material is abruptly transformed from a solid dry state to an almost fluid state. Many common bulk cargoes, such as iron ore fines, nickel ore and various

Liquefaction Incidents of Mineral Cargoes on Board Bulk

Liquefaction is a frequently occurring problem taking place when transporting wet granular solid bulk cargoes on board bulk carriers. Liquefaction of a solid bulk cargo can occur when excessive dynamic loading, induced by rough seas and vessel vibrations, is transmitted to the cargo. From 1988 to 2015, there have been 24 suspected liquefaction incidents reported, which resulted in 164 ...

Liquid Bulk Cargo Maritime Industry Knowlage Center

Liquid Bulk Cargo. All of us will have come across liquid bulk cargoes in everyday life in one from or another. From gasoline to fuel our cars, to fruit juices and cooking oil for consumption in the home, it’s difficult to live the lives we live today without them. These free-flowing liquid cargoes, which also include crude oil, liquefied ...

Ships Are Mysteriously Sinking as Cargo Suddenly Liquefies

Aug 30, 2018 Liquefaction potential depends not just on how much moisture is in a bulk cargo but also other material characteristics, such as the particle size distribution, the ratio of the volume of solid ...


6 BULK CARGO LIQUEFACTION - THE CAN TEST Delivery Guide This is a key part of the training package and should take 8 -10 minutes. Move your participants to the area you have designated to carry out the can tests. Ideally issue every participant with a suitable can. Have a container full of suitable cargo samples ready with a scoop.

Precautions against bulk cargo which may liquefy

Cargo liquefaction cases resulting in total loss The recent tragic loss of the 2005-built Vietnamese bulk carrier and 22 of its crewship, which was reportedly carrying a cargo of nickel ore from Morowali, Indonesia to China, sank on 25 December 2010 underlines the urgent need for greater enforcement of regulations and testing of cargoes that ...

bulk Wiktionary

Oct 18, 2021 Size, specifically, volume. 1729. I Newton, Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, page 1. The Quantity of Matter is the measure of the same, arising from its density and bulk conjunctly. 1885, Lewis Carroll, “Knot IX”, in A Tangled Tale, page 58: “ Didn't Balbus say this morning that, if a body is immersed in liquid, it displaces as much ...

Shipping Terms Trucking Terms amp Services Ship North

Bulk Cargo. Unpacked dry or liquid cargo such as grain, iron ore, coal, fuel, chemical and oils. Any commodity shipped in this way is said to be in bulk. Bonded Warehouse. A warehouse in which goods subject to excise taxes or customs duties are temporarily stored without the taxes or duties being assessed. A bond or security is given for the ...

The Risk of Cargo Liquefaction Hacker News

Jun 10, 2021 The issue of liquefaction is well known but what is sad is dry bulk trade is still the Wild West and something such as costs of hiring an outside Surveyer to sample the cargo prior to loading to see if cargo exceeds its total moisture limit - at which point cargo is more at risk-. will be a key point of negotiating (abt usd 5k ) it’s sad really.


In 2010, the majority of bulk carrier deaths were attributed to cargo liquefaction. This Standard Cargo has an emphasis on iron ore fines from India and nickel ore from Indonesia and the Philippines, but the advice in it is also applicable to other cargos susceptible to liquefaction. The issue of liquefaction affects bulk carriers of all sizes ...

Bulk cargo liquefaction guidance DNV

Many common bulk cargoes, such as iron ore fines, nickel ore and various mineral concentrates, are examples of materials that may liquefy. If liquefaction occurs on board a vessel, the stability will be reduced due to the free surface effect and cargo shift, possibly resulting in capsizing of the vessel.


In the last ten years, cargo liquefaction has caused the loss of more than 100 seafarers lives and twelve bulk carrier vessels, and remains the most important safety issue for bulk carriers. Awareness of which conditions may cause cargo liquefaction is essential for the safe operation of bulk carriers, which is why

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